INCTR functions through a series of INCTR-wide programs that involve collaboration with INCTR Branches and Offices and with institutions in low and middle income countries. Each program includes a number of projects and is run by a director and in some cases, a “co” or associate director. Program Directors are assisted by a small group of experts or Steering Committee as well as professional volunteers who participate in training, education, and project management. INCTR emphasizes long-term collaboration in the context of projects undertaken within a programmatic area.
INCTR has programs in clinical research, palliative care, pathology, pediatric oncology that encompasses psychosocial support, and foundational programs related to identifying health professional education that is not project-related and infrastructure building. Foundational programs include focused workshops, cataloging and reviewing local evidence, training professionals and providing educational tools, developing human resources via partnerships and introducing aspects of cancer control, e.g., early diagnosis into community health centers. Programs in cancer registration and oncology nursing have recently been established.